Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)

Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) encompasses a range of methods to resolve conflicts outside of traditional litigation. These methods include negotiation, mediation and other collaborative processes. ADR is often faster, less expensive, and more flexible than going to court, making it a preferred choice for many individuals and organizations seeking to resolve disputes amicably. A brief about various methods of ADR and their respective features are highlighted below:


Dialogue promotes a collaborative and constructive approach to conflict resolution. By encouraging parties to listen to each other and work together to find solutions, dialogue can help preserve relationships and promote a sense of mutual respect and understanding. Overall, dialogue is a valuable tool for resolving disputes in a manner that is effective, inexpensive, and conducive to maintaining positive relationships between parties.


Negotiation is another highly effective and relatively inexpensive alternative dispute resolution mechanism between parties. It involves a structured process of communication and bargaining, where parties attempt to reach a mutually acceptable agreement. Parties are able to maintain better control on the outcome having awareness about the constraints. As an adversarial means of solution, negotiation can be facilitated between parties


Mediation is a highly effective and cost-efficient alternative dispute resolution mechanism that facilitates constructive dialogue between conflicting parties. It involves the assistance of a neutral third party, the mediator, who helps parties communicate, identify underlying issues, and explore potential solutions.

One of the key advantages of mediation is its cost-effectiveness. Compared to arbitration and litigation, which can be time-consuming and expensive, mediation typically requires fewer resources and can be resolved in a shorter timeframe. Parties can also save on legal fees, as mediation not mandatorily requires legal representation.

Additionally, mediation is a voluntary process that allows parties to maintain control over the outcome of the dispute. Unlike court-ordered decisions in litigation, mediated agreements are mutually agreed upon by the parties, increasing the likelihood of compliance and preserving relationships.

Furthermore, mediation promotes a collaborative and cooperative approach to conflict resolution. By encouraging parties to work together to find common ground, mediation can lead to creative and sustainable solutions that address the underlying interests of all parties involved.


Arbitration is also considered as an alternative dispute resolution mechanism. Unlike mediation, it follows an adversarial process similar to litigation. It involves an arbitrator or panel of arbitrators who render a binding decision on the dispute.

While arbitration can be effective in resolving disputes, it is often criticized for being expensive and time-consuming. Parties involved in arbitration may incur significant costs, including arbitrator fees, legal fees, and administrative expenses. Additionally, the adversarial nature of arbitration can lead to a win-lose outcome, which may not always be in the best interest of all parties involved.